Four-and-a-half months after the‘s Christmas Day , engineers have achieved near-perfect alignment of its complex optical system, setting the stage for final instrument calibrations and the release of the first showcase science images in July, officials said Monday.
“I’m delighted to report that the telescope alignment has been completed with performance even better than we had anticipated,” said Michael McElwain, Webb project scientist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center.
“We basically reached a perfect telescope alignment. There’s no adjustment to the telescope optics that would make material improvements to our science performance.”
On April 18, test images were released showing razor-sharp stars and Monday, a fresh image was unveiled showing two views of a star field in the Large Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way. One image was shot by the much smaller, now-retired Spitzer Space Telescope and the other by Webb’s Mid-Infrared Instrument, or MIRI.
The Spitzer image shows blurred stars with hints of nebulosity. But Webb’s view shows crystal clear, pinpoint stars and clearly defined clouds and filaments stretching across the field of view.
“From a sort of an intellectual standpoint, you can appreciate that the images from Webb are going to be better because we have 18 (mirror) segments, every one of which is larger than the single segment that formed the Spitzer telescope’s mirror,” said Marcia Rieke, principal investigator for Webb’s Near-Infrared Camera, or NIRCAM.
“It’s not until you actually see the kind of image that it delivers that you really internalize and go, wow! Just think of what we’re going to learn! Spitzer taught us a lot, but this is like a whole new world. Just unbelievably beautiful.”
Scientists and engineers now plan to spend the next two months carefully checking out and calibrating Webb’s four science instruments, collecting test images and spectra to verify 17 different operating modes before beginning “Cycle 1” science observations this summer.
But first, the team plans to unveil a series of “early release observations,” or EROs, jaw-dropping images of spectacular astronomical targets that will showcase Webb’s scientific capability and, in the process, help justify its $10 billion price tag.
The list of potential targets is a closely held secret, but NASA plans to unveil the selected ERO images and spectra in mid July.
“Their objective is to demonstrate … to the world and to the public that Webb is fully operational and that it produces excellent results,” said Klaus Pontoppidan, Webb project…